Where do I begin?:
Autism Overview
by Ed Arranga


Where do I begin?

Education is key. Parents are, and must remain, the driving force of our
community, the stakes are too high and the issues too sacred to delegate to
outside interests. Networking is vital. Parents need to network with more
experienced parents, therapists, doctors, school officials and others who will be
involved in the care of their child. Time is crucial. While a diagnosis provides entry
to certain programs there is no need to wait, in some cases a year or more,
before beginning various interventions. Biomedical tests, for instance, while not a
diagnostic tool can identify many of a child's underlying etiologies and treatments

Treating a child with autism is a large effort involving many professionals and non-
professionals. The world of autism is dynamic. It is crucial parents continue to
educate themselves and monitor, maintain, and direct the goals of the team for
the benefit of their child.

For many parents perhaps the greatest challenge is responsibility. Leaving the
warm cocoon of established medicine to embark upon a more promising path
requires faith in their own abilities and judgments and an understanding of their
unique role as the final authority to help their child.

Autism requires a parent's knowledge to be broad and deep. Questions and
answers do not stop at the boundary of a discipline. There are no algorithmic
answers. The most effective treatment plans combine a number of disciplines
from the biomedical to the behavioral, each with their own range of options, each
impacting the other. Parents must also deal with issues involving insurance
companies, separation and divorce, state and federal regulations, and legal

Each child is different responding in different ways to identical treatments. Each
parent is different as well. Some parents immediately recognize the benefits of
and embrace treatments while others are reluctant at best or hostile at worst to
even consider the most benign treatments.

My expertise and job as a parent is to investigate, weigh, and implement the best
options for my son, be they biomedical, behavioral, or other with an understanding
of his unique talents, abilities, constitution and response to various treatments.
Together the autism community moves forward replacing ignorance and fear with
growing numbers of healthy children.

In May of this year, my two year-old daughter was diagnosed with Autism
Spectrum Disorder. She has begun a few interventions already including
developmental and speech therapy. She is to start a neurohealth preschool
next month. Adding Omega 3-6-9 organic formula fatty acids to her diet has
greatly reduced the amount of frustration that appears to be her constant
companion. Also, a vitamin and iron supplement was added. What words of
advice do you have for us? What is the rate of autism in children who are

My heart goes out to you autism can be a devastating diagnosis. I admire you and
your husband's decision to move forward. There will be difficult days ahead but
more than anything else your daughter needs your grace and strength, not your

Your daughter is fortunate to have been diagnosed at such a tender age. Please
be aware our children get better; many recover completely given the proper
treatments and therapies (and by recover I mean they are indistinguishable from
neurotypical children). The earlier interventions are started the better.

The fact our children get better is extremely important in how you perceive the
problem and how you proceed to help. Recovery is not a rumor, or a myth, or a
dream, or an article of faith, it is a fact borne of tens of thousands of children who
have improved dramatically, many recovered.

The idea of recovering children from autism is so far removed from people's
concepts it is rarely thought about or acted upon. Currently the language of autism
revolves around noise words like "Not Otherwise Specified" and "Pervasive
Development Disorder" which reveal more about the meaning makers than the

Linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf contended that language determines the nature and
content of our thought. Absent a vocabulary, the vehicle of thought which carry the
ideas of recovery forward it will not happen. The vocabulary of autism needs to be
placed firmly in the best tradition of the scientific method; testing, empirical
evidence, measurement, examination, and objectivity.

Hope is real. Autism is multivariate in presentation and cure. The disease
bows to the collective weight of doctors working with therapists working with
educators working with researchers working with parents working to recover their
children. Your daughter's team of therapists, doctors, and educators must
understand your goal and work together to implement your ideas and plans.

You mention your daughter is receiving developmental and speech therapy at
home. At her age Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is generally the most effective
developmental therapy. You may want to include sensory integration. Other
therapies to investigate for possible inclusion at a later date or to incorporate at
the present depending upon her progress are Verbal Behavior (VB) and Floortime

You also mention your daughter's enrollment in a "neurohealth" preschool. While
it sounds good there are a number of factors to be considered.

How many hours per week does she attend? She
should be receiving a combined 30 to 40 hours a week (in-house and preschool)
of one-on-one therapy.  Does she have an Individualized Education Program
(IEP)? Working in conjunction with the preschool you should develop an IEP with
goals and objectives targeting skill-sets and behaviors.
Do you receive a daily written log of her activities and behavior? A log, not a
summary, detailing her day is a wonderful tool to track performance, uncover
potential problems, and plan proactively. It also serves as a means for you to
communicate in writing with the teachers. (I discuss this in more detail below.)
How experienced are the teachers/therapists working with your daughter? She
needs bright, energetic individuals with a minimum of 1 to 2 years working with
children with autism. It would be preferable if they have obtained or are working
toward their master's degree. A supervisor with a minimum of 5 years experience
should work closely with your daughter's team of teachers and therapists
overseeing, coordinating efforts, and adjusting the program as necessary.
Coordinate the efforts of home therapy with school therapy.

Act Now - Five Steps You Should Begin

1.) Find a doctor for your daughter who has
recovered children with autism.
Time after time parents fall
into the trap of feeling a need to "educate" their practitioner. It becomes a full-time
job, an end in itself. Left untreated autism is a deteriorating disease. Do not waste
time playing "teacher." Your current doctor can be used to order tests while you
locate a more qualified physician.

Your daughter's doctors do not have to be located in the same city or even the
same state. Technology has created a global village. She can be videotaped so
the doctor may better appreciate her behaviors and condition. Online video
conferencing is also becoming popular. Conference calls, emails, instant
messaging, and faxes facilitate real-time communication.

Work with a variety of professionals including allopathic, naturopathic, chiropractic,
Ayurvedic, homeopathic and Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners. For
instance, children with autism should not take most over-the-counter medicines.
Instead homeopathic remedies can be safely used to treat all the cuts, scraps,
coughs, insect bites and other minor maladies our children are susceptible to.
Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine botanicals are marvelous for treating
fevers, yeast, and parasites. Many chiropractors are trained in cranial sacral
therapy, a form of manipulation which has been very helpful for many children with

Defeat Autism Now! or DAN! practitioners are listed here.
By and large DAN! practitioners follow the DAN! protocol for treating autism. The
protocol is available here.

I recommend Anju Usman, MD, in Naperville, IL at 630.505.4040, Rashid Buttar,
DO and the Pfeiffer Treatment Center to parents. I also have great respect for Dr.
Jeff Bradstreet's and Dr. Sherri Tenpenny's work among others.

Yahoo autism groups are another excellent resource. Currently there are over a
thousand Yahoo groups devoted to autism. They range in membership from a few
dozen to several thousand. Join a number of the larger groups and post asking
members for help in finding a practitioner.

Most of the members are fellow parents. The gold standard in the autism
community is word-of-mouth recommendation by another parent. Parents will be
honest and forthright with you about their experiences with physicians.

While we are on the subject of Yahoo groups they perform another invaluable
service. You can post almost any question and some parent or group of parents
will have answers, good answers, usually within 24 hours. The collective
knowledge in the autism online networked community is without precedent. It is
the promise of the Internet realized.

2.) Test for yeast and bacteria overgrowth in your
daughter's gut.
A form of yeast called candida albicans and other
intestinal microbes are a known problem in children with autism. The Organic
Acid Test (OAT) will help you determine the severity of the problem.

Typically children with autism have a history of ear infections which were treated
with antibiotics. Antibiotics kill the "good" gut bacteria which normally keeps the
yeast in check. Once the delicate balance has been disrupted yeast flourishes.
Some of the behaviors linked to yeast overgrowth include confusion, hyperactivity,
short attention span, lethargy, irritability, and aggression.

Attempting to restore intestinal balance is a constant struggle. Probiotics
(meaning good bacteria) are an excellent supplement to begin replenishing the
stock of natural flora. Controlling yeast may be accomplished using an anti-fungal
medication like Nystatin in combination with natural yeast-fighting supplements
like garlic, MCT oil (medium chain triglycerides) and activated charcoal.

Be careful. Other antifungal medications, like Diflucan and Nizoral inhibit the
synthesis of steroid hormones. Treatment with either should not exceed 3 to 4
weeks followed by a 3 to 4 week rest period before beginning another round.

During yeast die-off symptoms and behaviors often temporarily worsen due to
toxins flooding the body. Yeast die-off reactions generally begin within a week after
antifungal treatments are started and last for 2 to 7 days, sometimes longer. Your
daughter should drink plenty of distilled water, at least 8 ounces every 2 hours,
during the die-off period.

There is growing evidence to suggest that individuals who experience greater
than normal yeast die-off reactions suffer from elevated heavy metal levels. In
addition, yeast overgrowth may only be eliminated in the long-term by removing
the heavy-metal burden from the body. (Heavy-metal toxicity is something I will
discuss in more detail below.)

3.) Implement a gluten- and casein-free (GFCF)
Almost 70 percent of children with autism respond favorably. The diet is
not as difficult as it may seem at first. Download Mary Romaniec's presentation
"GFCF and Do We Really Have to do this Diet" from this page which provides easy
to follow, step-by-step instructions.

Instead of "GFCF diet" the phrase "GFCF environment" might be more
appropriate. Gluten is found in toothpaste, hair shampoo, Play Dough, glue, and
finger paint among other items. Gluten is also hidden in many foods you would
never suspect, for instance, raisins are often dusted with flour (gluten) to keep
them from clumping.

To effectively implement a GFCF diet a child's exposure to gluten and casein must
be completely restricted (GFCF environment). Contamination can occur by touch,
taste, or smell (skin, mouth, or nose). Some children are so sensitive they will
react to gluten-free labeled foods which have been cross contaminated by the tiny
amounts of airborne gluten found in plants processing other foods.

Call the manufacturers to ensure foods are gluten and casein free. Your daughter
may not react to cross-contaminated foods. On the other hand be alert to the
possibility. In addition, manufacturers often change ingredients and
manufacturing operations. Food from a trusted company may suddenly become a
problem. It is a good habit to constantly check food labels and keep in phone
contact with companies.

The first month or two is a learning experience. Within a very short period of time,
however, it will become second nature. Don't forget to throw away the old
toothbrush when you begin the GFCF diet and begin using GFCF toothpaste.

In addition to the GFCF diet is the Special Carbohydrate Diet (SCD). Many children
who do not respond to the GFCF diet fare wonderfully on the SCD. Elaine
Gottschall created the SCD and her book Breaking the Vicious Cycle is a
testament that good science and clear, concise writing are not mutually exclusive.

Reading Elaine's book is to know the illuminating power of science in the hands
of a gifted writer. Ideas are presented not only in terms of what to do, but more
importantly in terms of why. Elaine's work is a program for action steeped in
something lived (Elaine saved her own daughter using a special diet).

In conjunction with a special diet (GFCF or SCD) consider enzymes as part of your
daughter's supplements. Enzymes will help her properly digest gluten and casein
introduced inadvertently. Enzymes will also help her digest other proteins, fats,
starches, carbohydrates, and fibers.

4.) Test for nutritional deficiencies. I'm happy your daughter
responded well to the omega 3-6-9 fatty acids as well as the iron and vitamin
supplement. Frustration is a behavior often associated with a deficiency in omega
fatty acids. Care, however, must be exercised.

Children with autism face unique nutritional requirements and can be particularly
sensitive to the introduction of supplements. For example, omega fatty acids can
have the effect of increasing sound sensitivities, tantrums, and meltdowns. B6
needs to be supplemented with magnesium. Copper and zinc ratios are usually
out of balance requiring additional zinc. Iron will exasperate constipation. Binders,
diluents, lubricants, artificial flavorings, and colorings found in most vitamins can
cause problems.

Our children are severely deficient in vitamins, minerals, enzymes, other nutrients,
and fiber. A good place to start is to perform a nutritional assay. Please keep in
mind each child is unique. How your daughter reacts can only be determined by
carefully adding, or in some cases withdrawing, supplements and monitoring her
behaviors, skin, nails, hair, stools, and urine. For the first year additional testing
should be done about every 2 to 3 months to determine if she is digesting and
absorbing the nutrients, and to make any necessary changes in supplements and

Vitamin Diagnostics is a good lab for testing for deficiencies in vitamins, minerals,
essential fatty acids, amino acids, and neurotransmitters as well as testing for
heavy metals and other problems associated with autism. Vitamin Diagnostics
can be reached by phone at 1.800.886.7773 or by email at vitamindiag@optonline.
net. Other good labs include Doctor's Data, Immunosciences and Great Smokies.

5.) Test for heavy-metals. Over the past few years it has become
more and more evident many of our children suffer from heavy-metal toxicity,
particularly mercury.

Mercury is in the air, water, food supply, dental amalgams (silver fillings), and it
remains in many vaccines and the flu shot. It is not simply a matter of how much
mercury our children are currently exposed to. Of great importance is the mother's
exposure before, during pregnancy, and while breastfeeding. Studies by the CDC
indicate that nearly 8 percent of childbearing-age American women currently have
blood levels of mercury that exceed safe amounts.

Many women received Rhogam shots during pregnancy and immediately after
delivery. Rhogam, until recently, contained as much as 25 mcg of mercury. The
mercury in a mother is passed to the developing fetus or nursing infant. Other
sources, for example, in consumer products and fish can increase the level of
mercury to the toxic tipping point.

We normally excrete mercury through our hair, urine, feces, nails, and breath.
Many children with autism, on the other hand, cannot effectively eliminate mercury.
Their detoxification pathways are broken with mercury in the environment
continually adding to burden.

A hair-sample study by Amy Holmes, MD found strikingly lower levels of mercury in
the hair of children with autism than neurotypical children. Dr. Holmes collected
samples of baby hair, the first haircut, of 43 boys with autism and 14 neurotypical

The hair level of mercury in the boys with autism was barely detectable. The
findings suggest children with autism cannot excrete mercury from their systems.
The mercury builds to toxic levels. More information about Dr. Holmes treatment
for mercury is available here.

A study by Jeff Bradstreet, MD et al. corroborates Dr. Holmes' conclusion that
children with autism lack the ability to eliminate mercury. The study evaluated the
concentration of mercury in the urine following a three-day treatment with DMSA.
DMSA (meso2,3 dimercaptosuccinic acid) is a chelating agent which binds with
and pulls heavy metals out of the body. The test results showed mercury in the
urine of children with autism to be six times higher than the control group.

Contrary to claims by vaccine manufacturers touting "mercury free" vaccines an
investigation by Health Advocacy in the Public Interest (HAPI) recently found
mercury in all four vials tested. This despite manufacturer claims that two of the
vials were completely mercury free. Boyd Haley, PhD, Chemistry Department
Chair, University of Kentucky, feels that if mercury can be detected in any vaccine
using standard instrumentation, the content should be disclosed in the product
insert and manufacturers should not be allowed to call the product "mercury free."

Heavy metal testing can be done using a sample of hair (2 - 3 cm) cut from the
nape of your daughter's neck and sent to Vitamin Diagnostics or one of the other
laboratories mentioned above. You will need to check with each lab for their policy
about ordering test kits. Some require a physician's signature.

Hair tests while a good general indicator of heavy metals do not provide absolute
certainty. There is a small subset of children with autism who excrete far more
mercury than average. Another test called a challenge test involves the use of a
chelating agent followed by collecting and testing the urine for heavy metals. The
challenge typically involves multiple doses over a 3-day period. Often multiple
challenges are necessary before a child begins to eliminate the mercury in their

Many parents are currently using DMSA as the chelating agent. Although DMSA is
approved by the FDA Dr. Boyd Haley considers DMSA to be a neurotoxin. Dr.
Rashid Buttar is experiencing great success using transdermal (applied to the
skin) DMPS (2,3 dimercaptopropane sulfonate) as the chelating agent. A
presentation by Dr. Buttar is available on this page.

Socrates when asked what is good replied "knowledge." There is no greater good
you can do for your daughter than becoming knowledgeable about all aspects of
autism. You are the expert. You know her abilities, desires, passions, problems,
obstacles, and potential as no one else ever will or could.

A number of good books to read include Children With Starving Brains, Biological
Treatments for Autism and PDD and Let Me Hear Your Voice. Autism is a dynamic
field. Try to keep abreast of the latest developments. The Schafer Autism Report is
a free daily e-newsletter which provides important and timely information about
autism. Also, the Yahoo groups previously mentioned will help.

Several years ago my son started ABA therapy. Crying during the initial ABA
sessions, although common, is nonetheless heart-wrenching. This particular
session Jarad's cries seemed different. The therapist was physically attempting
to keep Jarad in his seat, forcing him to sit. I agonized for ten minutes trying to
decide if I was imagining things. Finally, I entered the room picking Jarad up to
comfort him, much to the chagrin of the therapist. I could see the wheels turning in
her head, "overly-protective parent rushes to aid of child, disrupting session,
thwarting progress."

Jarad's bottom and back of his legs were dotted with punctures. Being forced to
sit compressed the cushion pushing the sharp screws into Jarad. The tips were
not visible, hidden by the plastic seat cover. Jarad's screams were cries of pain,
not frustration.

Trust your instincts. No matter the time, place, or professional
involved if you feel the least bit uncomfortable remove your child from the situation.
Give yourself time to reflect, collect your thoughts, weigh other options, and make
an informed decision. You are the final and ultimate authority on what is best for
your daughter. Do not be bullied.

For some it is a terrifying thought, the idea of assuming complete responsibility,
the equivalent of stepping off the edge of a cliff at night. It can be the greatest
difficulty parents face on the road to helping their children - the transition from
trusting to questioning from acquiescence to Cartesian doubt.

Question everything. The personnel at your daughter's
preschool may be well-intentioned and wonderful professionals. As harsh as this
may sound they are not your friends. Cultivate clinical detachment when dealing
with professionals. Attempt to put as many decisions as possible in writing. A
daily log can serve as an important permanent record for communication between
you and the school. Sections can be devoted to requests, decisions, daily
activities, special requirements, nutritional supplements, dietary restrictions, and
other categories.

Experimenting is Good
While experiment has a Frankenstein-ish connotation it is the bedrock of science.
Many parents, unfortunately, distance themselves from the idea.

You will need to experiment with your daughter. For example, she may have great
difficulty with any number of nutrients. Regardless of test results indicating
particular deficiencies it is often not as simple as adding them to the mix.

Proceed cautiously. Should there be a problem experiment with
the dosage, experiment with the time of day a nutrient is given, experiment with
every other day or every third day dosing. Your daughter's unique constitution is
the only barometer of a treatment's efficacy.

I am not aware of any treatment that does not cause some percentage, no matter
how small, of regression in children with autism. Regression is generally not
permanent and reverses when the offending treatment is discontinued.

Develop a Plan
Develop a 3-, 6-, and 12-month biomedical plan similar to an IEP. For instance,
your daughter's IEP will contain specific goals like identifying shapes along with
the methods employed to reach the goal. The same type of goal-driven plan may
be employed for biomedical treatments.

Consider the results of a hypothetical organic acid test indicating your daughter
suffers from yeast. The goal is to drastically reduce the amount of yeast in your
daughter's intestine. Define quantitative measures (numbers or percentages) to
use as milestones (goals to reach in 3, 6 and 12 months).

Again hypothetically consider her yeast "score" is 100. Normal is 5. The 3-month
goal could be 60, the 6-month goal 20 and the 12-month goal 8. What methods
will be utilized to reach the goals? MCT oil, Nystatin, probiotics and garlic are all
effective in fighting yeast. She may have a bad reaction to one. Should another
supplement be substituted? Which one? There are at least a dozen others. What
dosage? What are the side effects? What if in 6 months the level of yeast is

Perform the exercise for every problem (e.g., sound sensitivity, short attention
span) or deficiency (e.g. vitamins) you can identify paying particular attention to the
holistic action among treatments. For instance, omega-6 may cause sensitivity to
sound. After removing the omega-6 your daughter could begin audio integration
therapy and the omega-6 reintroduced.

Developing a plan uncovers scenarios and leads to a better and deeper
understanding of options and constraints. The plan is not static and is best if it
accurately reflects your daughter's current condition as well as the latest treatment

Keep a Log
It is very easy to forget when a supplement was added or when a behavior first
appeared. You have enough on your mind without trying to remember which came
first. Also the act of writing serves as an aid to memory.

Vaccinated versus Non-vaccinated
I am not aware of any credible studies which compare the rates of autism in
vaccinated versus non-vaccinated populations. There have been some studies
which after initially receiving much attention by the mainstream media were
shown to be fatally flawed, for instance, the "Danish" studies.

You may be interested in the Geier's research which found children are 27 times
more likely to develop autism after exposure to three thimerosal-containing
vaccines than those who receive thimerosal-free versions. Mark Geier, MD, PhD,
and his son David, are the only self-funded researchers publishing in peer-
reviewed journals on thimerosal and autism using CDC data.

A piece of great news and another indicator of the effect of mercury-containing
vaccines versus mercury-free vaccines is the recent drop in the number of cases
of autism reported in California. For the first time in the 35-year history of collecting
data in July, 2004 California reported a third consecutive quarter drop in the
number of children with autism. The decrease in the number of children with
autism is the result of the reduction of thimerosal in vaccines beginning in 2000
and 2001.

Much more work remains to be done as the autism community moves forward
both at the state and federal levels to eliminate a known neurotoxin from vaccines
and full shots. This year Iowa became the first state to ban the use of thimerosal
in childhood vaccines with many other states preparing to introduce similar
legislation. At the federal level Congressman Dave Weldon, MD, and
Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney introduced legislation - HR4169 - for a broader
ban on the use of mercury in vaccines.

Can you offer a better understanding of orthodox
medicine as it applies to autism treatment?

I find it helpful when attempting to understand a field, orthodox medicine in this
case, to put it in terms of familiar ideas. My background is software engineering.
Surprisingly, at a fundamental level software engineering has more in common
with medicine than it does with many of its engineering cousins, like mechanical
and aerospace engineering.

Software engineering and orthodox medicine suffer from the same underlying
problem. The problem which causes your Windows Operating System to crash is
the same problem which prevents orthodox medicine from helping children with

Two types of systems: continuous and discrete
The distinction between software engineering and medicine, on the one hand,
and mechanical and aerospace engineering on the other has to do with two
different types of systems: discrete verses continuous. Software programs that
run on your PC, like Windows, are discrete systems. Aerospace, mechanical and
other engineering disciplines work largely in continuous systems.

Continuous systems
Here is an example of a continuous system. If I throw a ball into the air I can
expect the ball to reach a certain height and return. It would be astonishing if the
ball stopped in midair and then began accelerating upward.

In continuous systems, like throwing a ball in the air, certain laws apply. As a
result continuous systems can be modeled in mathematics. In continuous
systems small changes in input result in small changes in output.

Variables in continuous systems are knowable and predictable. Continuous
functions are used to accurately map inputs to outputs. There are no hidden

Continuous systems also exhibit a separation of concerns. In large complex
continuous systems, such as an airplane, systems which are not connected will
not impact one another. For example, we would be very unhappy if, as a result of a
passenger in seat 38E turning on an overhead light, the plane immediately
executed a sharp dive.

Discrete systems
Discrete systems (software) are not constrained by the same limitations as
continuous ones. In software small changes in input can result in drastic changes
in output, for instance, click the print icon in Windows and your system crashes.

The values of variables in discrete systems are not always predictable. A variable
may be 5 and after the next instruction is executed it may be 20 or 900. The value
cannot always be predicted until the program runs. Discrete systems are non-

In discrete systems any part of a system can potentially affect any other part of the
system. In other words, discrete systems do not benefit from naturally occurring
separation of concerns. Every component in discrete systems is potentially
connected to every other component. In discrete systems the ball could easily
continue accelerating upward and the plane could execute a shape dive.

Continuous systems (throwing a ball, cars, bridges) characteristics
• Small changes in input produce correspondingly small changes in output.
• Outputs can be accurately predicted based on inputs.
• There is a separation of concerns. Every element is not interconnected (a plane’
s fuel system is not connected to its landing gear).
• The laws of physics apply, there are no hidden surprises (can be modeled by
continuous functions).

Discrete systems (software) characteristics
• Small changes in inputs can produce drastic changes in outputs.
• Outputs cannot always be predicted based on inputs.
• There is no naturally occurring separation of concerns. Every element in the
system is potentially influenced by every other element.
• The laws of physics do not apply (cannot be modeled by continuous functions).

The problem domain
Grady Booch states, “Since we have neither the mathematical tools nor the
intellectual capacity to model the complete behavior of large discrete systems, we
must be content with acceptable levels of confidence regarding their correctness.”

It’s chilling, but accurate: We have neither the mathematical tools nor the
intellectual capacity to model the complete behavior of large discrete systems.
Moreover, large discrete software systems pale in comparison to the complexity of
the human body.

A misdiagnosis
Orthodox medical theory and practice misdiagnoses discrete systems as
continuous. The belief that children with autism function as continuous systems
has been devastating in terms of diagnosis, research, and treatment. While
orthodox medicine does not use the term continuous systems its diagnostic
techniques, organization, and treatment options operate under many of the same

Orthodox medicine is obsessed with germ theory and disease states. The
emphasis is on outputs and algorithms, or to put it in medical terms, on diseases
(symptoms) and formulistic treatments. Only at a very superficial level does
orthodox medicine permit the possibility of discrete systems behavior (any input
has unforeseen outputs, small inputs produce drastic outputs).

The differences between continuous and discrete systems demand different
mindsets, new kinds of analysis and synthesis, and a different world-view. The
most important step is to acknowledge the problem domain, to grant, rather than
deny, the types of characteristics exhibited by children with autism are the same
as those found in discrete systems.

Small changes in input and predictable outputs
Esteemed biochemist Roger Williams, PhD, found a 200-fold difference in
calcium requirements among different healthy human subjects. Recent research
in the toxicity of mercury has revealed sensitivities to mercury vary as much as a
million-fold from one individual to another.

Dr. Williams stressed that inborn differences between humans are extensive,
significant, and crucial to understanding and solving most human problems. Dr.
Williams also found nutritional status can influence the expression of genetic
characteristics. The most important consideration according to Dr. Williams is
biochemical individuality.

Vitamins and other nutritional substances may well be the greatest and most
enduring of medical discoveries of the 20th century. Vitamin A (1912, the first
vitamin to be discovered) was named retinol because, without it, a healthy retina
in the eye could not be formed. With the B-vitamins came the cures for beriberi,
pellagra, pernicious anemia, nerve degeneration, enlarged heart, energy
production, and many others diseases and conditions. Incredibly, orthodox
medical practitioners are not required to understand nutrition to be licensed to
practice medicine.

The biochemistry of children with autism reveal many nutritional deficiencies,
including vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids, and amino acids (small
inputs). Many children given supplements improve along a number of axes
(profound outputs).

For instance, children with autism often rub and poke their eyes. Some must be
restrained with head gear to keep from gouging their eyes. It’s due to a calcium
deficiency. The red rash seen around the lips, often called clown lips, is due to a
vitamin B2 deficiency.

Viewing a child with autism in terms of discrete systems behavior provides a
more accurate model than the current continuous systems concepts. Children
from autism suffer from extreme chemical sensitivities, food allergies, delayed
food allergies, hypersensitivity to sound and light (small inputs). In addition, how
different children react to trace amounts of the same substances cannot be
predicted (outputs – biochemical individuality). One child may suffer anger,
another constipation, a third diarrhea.

Limited by continuous systems thinking orthodox medical practitioners cling to the
notion that your child is the same as my child is the same as every child. Autism is
a one size fits all label precluding the necessity of further individualized

Separation of concerns
Orthodox medicine is a house defined by separation of concerns. The two general
divisions are medicine and surgery. Within medicine there is internal medicine,
cardiology, gastroenterology, pediatrics, geriatrics, dermatology, immunology,
epidemiology, allergy, neurology, psychiatry, radiology, and pathology. Surgery is
divided into surgery, orthopedics, urology, ear, nose and throat, obstetrics and
gynecology, anesthesiology, and ophthalmology. Anatomical divisions include
cardiovascular, nervous, immune, reproductive, gastrointestinal, urinary,
integumentary, musculoskeletal, endocrine, reticuloendothelial and hematologic

One technique of mastering complexity has been known since ancient times:
Divide et impera (Divide and rule). Granted, many important discoveries are due to
analytical techniques which by partitioning (separating) produce manageable
areas of study. Partitioning, however, is not without its own effects and not all of
them are good. Analysis is only part of the equation.

The separation of orthodox medicine into its current specialty and anatomical
divisions is not by necessity, but by convention. Divisions evolved arbitrarily over a
period dating to the middle ages. Today, it stands as the defining organizational
paradigm of orthodox medicine.

The blood brain barrier (BBB) was and is touted as a natural partition separating
the brain from the body protecting our most vital organ from all manner of potential
toxins. Recently, however, a number of methods have been discovered allowing
toxins to penetrate the barrier. The entire blood-brain barrier edifice was built on
experiments conducted in the 1920s and 30s.

It was widely held, practiced, and believed that emotions originate in the brain.
The hypothalamus was considered the seat of emotions which trickled down
through its neural connections to the back of the brain, or brainstem, or through
the secretions of the pituitary gland to the body. It is now understood emotions can
originate in the body as well the mind, the paths are two-way, not one-way streets.

Only within the past twenty years have cellular communication capabilities been
discovered with the detection of interleukins, now called cytokines. The list of
discoveries is endless, as it should be. Yet experience, not just theory must guide
our understanding. There is an old adage, “When theory meets reality, reality
always wins.”

A child with autism symptoms appear to originate in the mind, but that is only to
the untrained eye which avoids looking at the entire body. Every input (possibility),
including food, toxins, yeast, and others must be considered when a child bangs
their head on the ground and walks on their toes. In children with autism the ball
will continue upward and the plane will execute a sharp dive.

Sidney Baker, MD, one of the founders of DAN! says “Anatomically the CNS
(central nervous system) and immune systems are quite distinct and different.
One is made up of stationary long branching permanent cells with a compact
headquarters between ones ears. The other is made up of a disseminated
population of short-lived mobile cells with no specific organ to call home. Pick up
any textbook of anatomy, physiology, or pathology. The CNS and immune system
chapters are widely separated as are the experts who wrote the chapters. From
the way I see it, however, they are a functional unit.”

Dr. Baker suggests a different world-view, a separation of concerns based not on
anatomy, but on functionality, a more natural and richer model. Functional
medicine is part of a larger holistic health care movement which seeks to
integrate, not separate. Holistic practitioners follow in the footsteps of empiricist
physicians in the continuing battle for medicine dating to the dawn of science.

Empirics promote the practice of medicine based on observation and experience.
Rationalists (today known as orthodox medicine) seek medical certainty in formal
logic (mathematics). Formal logic, however, has proven to be inadequate as a
means to model large discrete systems.

Organizational behavior
Organizational behavior theory can be used to help understand, to examine how
organizations work. The survival instinct is well established as one of the basic
foundations in life, but it is not just life forms which exhibit survival strategies,
organizations do so as well. Sterling’s pioneering work discovered a key
organizational foundation: An organization’s chief concern is the optimum
allocation of its resources to ensure its own survival.

The specialties and anatomical divisions in orthodox medicine are organizations
that act in their own best interests regardless of stated goals. Organizational
behavior also finds the structure of an organization dictates its solutions, not to
change them, but to reflect them.

The super-structure surrounding orthodox medicine, including fundraising,
allocation of resources for research, prestige, power, reimbursement for medical
care and medical education depend on the current organizational format. Internal
as well as external forces dictate its continuance.

As a biomedical disease autism does not fit well into the current separation of
concerns. (Autism is a multisystem disease with neurological, gastrointestinal,
endocrine, immune, developmental, and communicative abnormalities.) Turf
warfare, politics, bureaucratic inertia, hubris, and other “human” factors prevent
orthodox medicine from applying an interdisciplinary approach to autism.

Attempting to “divide and rule” the body orthodox medicine has created walls to
understanding. Orthodox medicine places a premium on analysis yet lacks an
equal emphasis on synthesis. The organizational structure of orthodox medicine
is an artificial separation of concerns. The tool has usurped reality as a world-
view. Derivations from the model, like autism, are not addressed.

Problems with orthodox medicine
Do not equate orthodox medicine with medical science. Orthodox medicine is
deeply flawed; its science preserved in amber-logic, existing outside of
experience. Orthodox medicine has metastasized; rigidly staying within the
confines of its own self-reinforcing coterie making it singularly unable to adjust, to
learn, to help.

Orthodox medicine’s fetish with continuous systems thinking, specialties and
anatomical divisions relegates children with autism to a number of pre-
determined, hugely unqualified, sub-specialists, among them pediatric
neurologists and behavioral psychiatrists, where they are largely declared beyond
the help of “medical science.”

To any of the countless questions parents raise when talking to orthodox medical
practitioners the answers are uniquely uninformed, misleading, and often
dangerous: Environmental toxins? Not a problem: Chemical sensitivities?
Unlikely: Food allergies? Unproven: Vaccines? Completely safe: Increase in
autism? A theory: Nutritional supplements? Baseless: Cause? Genetics:
Treatment? Psychotropic drugs: The future? Consider institutionalizing.

At its core orthodox medicine is antithetical to autism. A rigid reliance on
deterministic disease definitions spins jabberwocky non-answers inducing Alice
in Wonderland effects. After reading Jabberwocky Alice proclaimed, “Somehow it
seems to fill my head with ideas - only I don’t know exactly what they are.”

Summing up
All children with autism exhibit discrete systems behavior (widely divergent
outputs are exhibited based on similar inputs). Key for parents is recognizing the
biochemical individuality of each child, bringing biomedical treatments to bear at
the most appropriate points.

Much as a jeweler carefully giving a gentle tap on a diamond reveals its inner
symmetry, sparkle, brilliance and fire parents can bring the inner beauty of their
children to the world by biomedical “tapping” at the “right” points. Our children are
diamonds; each is unique, infinitely more precious.

Contrary to the widely held orthodox medical opinion our children get better; many
fully recover (please see my previous column). Following Alice down the rabbit
hole will never reveal the inner brilliance and happiness of our children,
addressing their biochemical individuality and needs will.

For more information please visit
Disclaimer:     ArkansasAutism.org provides general information of
variety of sources and  ArkansasAutism.org does not independently
verify any of it. The views expressed herein are not necessarily that of
Nothing in this document should be construed as
individual needs.